The existing court process for sexual violence cases
Categorisation of offences involving sexual violence
3.7Under the CPA 2011, criminal offences are categorised by seriousness from 1 to 4. The category into which an offence falls determines how it is to be case-managed and tried and whether the defendant is entitled to be tried by jury. Offences in category 1 are lower-level offences generally not punishable by imprisonment. Offences in category 2 are generally punishable by less than two years’ imprisonment. Category 3 offences are those generally punishable by two years’ imprisonment or more but that are not category 4 offences, and category 4 offences are those listed in schedule 1 to the Act.
3.8Most sexual violence offences fall into category 3. There are no sexual violence offences that fall into category 4.