8.3There are four principal reasons why some limits on the eligibility of cases might be imposed, and these are based on victim safety or public safety:
(b) The public might consider the acts of sexual violence to be of such a character that they must be dealt with in the criminal justice system.
(c) In cases involving intimate partner violence, the alternative process might not be appropriate.
(d) The dynamics of some cases may make them unsuitable for the alternative process – for instance, where the victim is at risk of secondary victimisation or further emotional harm from the perpetrator, where there is a significant age gap between the parties, or where there are coercive pressures on the victim or parties to participate.
8.4We deal with each of these in turn and consider whether there are safeguards or steps that should be taken to address the situations described above.