2.10The victims and perpetrators of sexual violence do not, as a group, conform to any stereotype. An act of sexual violence may be perpetrated in a one-off incident between acquaintances or friends. It may occur in a family home between family members over several years, and the perpetrator may be a child or much older than the victim.
2.12Sexual violence may be perpetrated against a young person or a child by a family/whānau member or a friend, often on repeated occasions and spanning several years. Sexual violence against a child raises complex legal issues because of the age of the victim and their particular vulnerability and because the incident may not be revealed until some years later. Child victims will have special additional needs, including at trial, or if the violence only comes to light several years later, there may be issues with evidence.